Glioblastoma
June 2017 Issue
 
 
 

Nearly every major medical breakthrough over the past 50 years can be attributed to new discoveries that were made possible through meticulous biomedical research. Many diseases and conditions that previously took a heavy toll on patients in terms of both morbidity and mortality are now either treatable or preventable thanks in large part to painstaking research that expanded the frontiers of scientific knowledge and moved the most promising basic research developments into tangible health benefits through human clinical trails. Ongoing research is also the key that will open the door to additional major medical advances and breakthroughs in the future.

Our staff at Medifocus is committed to keeping our subscribers to the Medifocus Digest Alert on Glioblastoma abreast of the latest new research developments that have recently been published in the medical literature for this condition. In this issue of the Digest Alert, you will find a focused list of hand-picked journal article references that represent the latest advances in basic and clinical research for Glioblastoma. These articles represent the current state-of-the-art of the research that will hopefully lead to additional major advances and breakthroughs in the clinical management of Glioblastoma. You can access the summaries of each article referenced below by simply clicking on the article Title.

We will continue to update you with the latest scientific and clinical developments through the Medifocus Digest Alert on Glioblastoma every 3 months. Thank you for your ongoing subscription to this publication.

Sincerely,
Elliot Jacob, Ph.D.
Vice-President - Content
Medifocus.com, Inc.



1:Reversing glioma malignancy: a new look at the role of antidepressant drugs as adjuvant therapy for glioblastoma multiforme.
Authors:Bielecka-Wajdman AM, Lesiak M, Ludyga T, Sieron A, Obuchowicz E
Institution:Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Medical University of Silesia, Medykow 18, Katowice, Poland. amb2@vp.pl. Silesia, Medykow 18, Katowice, Poland. Medykow 18, Katowice, Poland. Silesia, Medykow 18, Katowice, Poland. Medykow 18, Katowice, Poland.
Journal:Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2017 Jun;79(6):1249-1256. doi: 10.1007/s00280-017-3329-2. Epub 2017 May 12.

2:Angiogenesis inhibitors in tackling recurrent glioblastoma.
Authors:Hundsberger T, Reardon DA, Wen PY
Institution:a Department of Neurology and Department of Hematology /Oncology , Cantonal hospital , St. Gallen , Switzerland. Cancer Center , Boston , MA , USA. Cancer Center , Boston , MA , USA.
Journal:Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2017 Jun;17(6):507-515. doi: 10.1080/14737140.2017.1322903. Epub 2017 May 2.

3:Primary spinal glioblastoma multiforme: A case report and review of the literature.
Authors:Shen CX, Wu JF, Zhao W, Cai ZW, Cai RZ, Chen CM
Institution:Department of Neurosurgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.
Journal:Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Apr;96(16):e6634. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000006634.

4:Diagnostic and Therapeutic Biomarkers in Glioblastoma: Current Status and Future Perspectives.
Authors:Szopa W, Burley TA, Kramer-Marek G, Kaspera W
Institution:Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of Silesia, Regional Hospital, Sosnowiec, Poland. UK. UK. Sosnowiec, Poland.
Journal:Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:8013575. doi: 10.1155/2017/8013575. Epub 2017 Feb 20.

5:Advances in Immunotherapy for Glioblastoma Multiforme.
Authors:Huang B, Zhang H, Gu L, Ye B, Jian Z, Stary C, Xiong X
Institution:Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Electric Hospital, State Grid, Beijing 100073, China. Western Medicine, Wuhan, Hubei 430015, China.
Journal:J Immunol Res. 2017;2017:3597613. doi: 10.1155/2017/3597613. Epub 2017 Feb 19.

6:Limited role for extended maintenance temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma.
Authors:Gramatzki D, Kickingereder P, Hentschel B, Felsberg J, Herrlinger U, Schackert G, Tonn JC, Westphal M, Sabel M, Schlegel U, Wick W, Pietsch T, Reifenberger G, Loeffler M, Bendszus M, Weller M
Institution:From the Department of Neurology and Brain Tumor Center (D.G., M.W.), University Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. dorothee.gramatzki@usz.ch. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany. Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Neuroradiology (P.K., M.B.), University Hospital of Heidelberg; Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (B.H., M.L.), University of Leipzig; Departments of Neuropathology (J.F., G.R.) and Neurosurgery (M.S.), Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf; Division of Neurooncology (U.H.), Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn; Department of Neurosurgery (G.S.), University of Dresden; Department of Neurosurgery (J.-C.T.), Ludwig Maximilians University Munich; Department of Neurosurgery (M.W.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg; Department of Neurology (U.S.), Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer, Ruhr-University Bochum; Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology (W.W.), German Cancer Consortium, German Cancer Research Center, and Neurology Clinic and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg; Department of Neuropathology (T.P.), DGNN Brain Tumor Reference Center, University of Bonn Medical School; and German Cancer Consortium (G.R.), German Cancer Research Center Heidelberg, Partner Site Essen/Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany.
Journal:Neurology. 2017 Apr 11;88(15):1422-1430. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003809. Epub 2017 Mar 15.

7:Short-Course Radiation plus Temozolomide in Elderly Patients with Glioblastoma.
Authors:Perry JR, Laperriere N, O'Callaghan CJ, Brandes AA, Menten J, Phillips C, Fay M, Nishikawa R, Cairncross JG, Roa W, Osoba D, Rossiter JP, Sahgal A, Hirte H, Laigle-Donadey F, Franceschi E, Chinot O, Golfinopoulos V, Fariselli L, Wick A, Feuvret L, Back M, Tills M, Winch C, Baumert BG, Wick W, Ding K, Mason WP
Institution:From Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre (J.R.P., A.S.) and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.). Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (N.L., W.P.M.), Toronto, the Canadian Cancer Trials Group, Queens University, Kingston, ON (C.J.O., C.W., K.D.), University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (J.G.C.), University of Alberta, Edmonton (W.R.), Quality of Life Consulting, West Vancouver, BC (D.O.), Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON (J.P.R.), and Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, ON (H.H.) - all in Canada; Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale- Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna (A.A.B., E.F.), and Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan (L. Fariselli) - both in Italy; University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium (J.M.); Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC (C.P.), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW (M.F.), University of Queensland, Brisbane (M.F.), and Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney (M.B.) - all in Australia; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan (R.N.); Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere (F.L.-D., L. Feuvret), Paris, and Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Timone, Marseilles (O.C.) - both in France; the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Brussels (V.G.); the Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (A.W., W.W.); Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand (M.T.); and Maastricht University Medical Center and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht, the Netherlands (B.G.B.).
Journal:N Engl J Med. 2017 Mar 16;376(11):1027-1037. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1611977.

8:Continuous dose-intense temozolomide and cisplatin in recurrent glioblastoma patients.
Authors:Wang Y, Kong X, Guo Y, Wang R, Ma W
Institution:aDepartment of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, PR China bDepartment of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, MA.
Journal:Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(10):e6261. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000006261.

9:Effectiveness of antiangiogenic drugs in glioblastoma patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.
Authors:Lombardi G, Pambuku A, Bellu L, Farina M, Della Puppa A, Denaro L, Zagonel V
Institution:Department of Clinical and Experimental Oncology, Medical Oncology 1, Veneto Institute of Oncology, IOV - IRCCS, Padua, Italy. Electronic address: giuseppe.lombardi@ioveneto.it. Institute of Oncology, IOV - IRCCS, Padua, Italy. Institute of Oncology, IOV - IRCCS, Padua, Italy. IRCCS, Padua, Italy. Institute of Oncology, IOV - IRCCS, Padua, Italy.
Journal:Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2017 Mar;111:94-102. doi: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2017.01.018. Epub 2017 Jan 30.

10:Critical review of the addition of tumor treating fields (TTFields) to the existing standard of care for newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients.
Authors:Mehta M, Wen P, Nishikawa R, Reardon D, Peters K
Institution:Deputy Director, Miami Cancer Institute, and Chief of Radiation Oncology, Miami, Florida. Electronic address: mineshpmehta@gmail.com. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA. International Medical Center and University, Saitama, Japan.
Journal:Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2017 Mar;111:60-65. doi: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2017.01.005. Epub 2017 Jan 22.

11:Advances in Experimental Targeted Therapy and Immunotherapy for Patients with Glioblastoma Multiforme.
Authors:Polivka J Jr, Polivka J, Holubec L, Kubikova T, Priban V, Hes O, Pivovarcikova K, Treskova I
Institution:Biomedical Center, Faculty of Medicine in Plzen, Charles University, Plzen, Czech Republic. University, Plzen, Czech Republic. Faculty Hospital Plzen, Plzen, Czech Republic polivka@fnplzen.cz. Republic. Republic. University, Plzen, Czech Republic. Czech Republic and Faculty Hospital Plzen, Plzen, Czech Republic. Faculty Hospital Plzen, Plzen, Czech Republic. Faculty Hospital Plzen, Plzen, Czech Republic. Faculty Hospital Plzen, Plzen, Czech Republic.
Journal:Anticancer Res. 2017 Jan;37(1):21-33.

12:Glioblastoma in the elderly: treatment patterns and survival.
Authors:Pretanvil JA, Salinas IQ, Piccioni DE
Institution:Department of Neurosciences, UCSD Moores Cancer Center, University of California San Diego, 3855 Health Science Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0819, USA. San Diego, 3855 Health Science Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0819, USA. San Diego, 3855 Health Science Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0819, USA.
Journal:CNS Oncol. 2017 Jan;6(1):19-28. doi: 10.2217/cns-2016-0023. Epub 2016 Dec 21.

13:The Safety of available immunotherapy for the treatment of glioblastoma.
Authors:Farber SH, Elsamadicy AA, Atik AF, Suryadevara CM, Chongsathidkiet P, Fecci PE, Sampson JH
Institution:a Duke Brain Tumor Immunotherapy Program, Department of Neurosurgery , Duke University Medical Center , Durham , NC , USA. Durham , NC , USA. University Medical Center , Durham , NC , USA. Durham , NC , USA. University Medical Center , Durham , NC , USA. Durham , NC , USA. University Medical Center , Durham , NC , USA. Durham , NC , USA. University Medical Center , Durham , NC , USA. Durham , NC , USA. University Medical Center , Durham , NC , USA. Durham , NC , USA. University Medical Center , Durham , NC , USA. Durham , NC , USA.
Journal:Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2017 Mar;16(3):277-287. doi: 10.1080/14740338.2017.1273898. Epub 2017 Jan 3.

14:Advances in the targeting of HIF-1alpha and future therapeutic strategies for glioblastoma multiforme (Review).
Authors:Wang G, Wang JJ, Fu XL, Guang R, To ST
Institution:Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Shanghai Eighth People's Hospital, Jiangsu University, Shanghai 200235, P.R. China. University, Shanghai 200235, P.R. China. University, Shanghai 200235, P.R. China. University, Shanghai 200235, P.R. China. University, Hung Hom, Kowloon Hong Kong, SAR, P.R. China.
Journal:Oncol Rep. 2017 Feb;37(2):657-670. doi: 10.3892/or.2016.5309. Epub 2016 Dec 9.

15:Family caregivers' level of mastery predicts survival of patients with glioblastoma: A preliminary report.
Authors:Boele FW, Given CW, Given BA, Donovan HS, Schulz R, Weimer JM, Drappatz J, Lieberman FS, Sherwood PR
Institution:School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Journal:Cancer. 2017 Mar 1;123(5):832-840. doi: 10.1002/cncr.30428. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

16:A state-of-the-art review and guidelines for tumor treating fields treatment planning and patient follow-up in glioblastoma.
Authors:Trusheim J, Dunbar E, Battiste J, Iwamoto F, Mohile N, Damek D, Bota DA, Connelly J
Institution:Abbott Northwestern Hospital Neuroscience Institute, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
Journal:CNS Oncol. 2017 Jan;6(1):29-43. doi: 10.2217/cns-2016-0032. Epub 2016 Sep 15.

17:Is the Knowledge Pertaining to Adult Glioblastomas Enough for Pediatric Cases? Prognostic Factors in Childhood.
Authors:Bilginer B, Hanalioglu S, Turk CC, Narin F, Oguz KK, Soylemezoglu F, Akalan N
Institution:Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey.
Journal:Turk Neurosurg. 2017;27(2):279-288. doi: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.15780-15.1.

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